GHG emissions

At Cordeel Group, we are dedicated to transforming the future by focusing on innovation to create smart, energy-efficient, and low-carbon solutions. Reducing our carbon footprint is a crucial aspect of this mission. In 2023, we reduced our scope 1 & 2 emissions with -31,8%.

What do we report on?

Our GHG emission reporting covers scope 1 & 2 emissions as well as business travel (scope 3) all companies of the Cordeel Group in Belgium, the Netherlands and Bulgaria. Exceptions are C-EVH, Technocon, C-guard and Off Site Belgium.

This organisational boundary is larger than what we report on in the framework of the CO₂ Performance Ladder, which is currently focused on the operations of Cordeel zetel Temse as well as the companies located on our site “De Zaat” in Temse, Cordeel zetel Hoeselt and Cordeel Nederland.

The emission factors we use to calculate our carbon footprint are the well-to-wheel emission factors that we use for the CO₂ Performance Ladder in Belgium and the Netherlands as well.

SDG - 13: Climate action

The calculation of scope 1 & 2 is linked to actual consumption of the companies and based on invoices or other proof. We strive for a calculation that is exact as possible and assume that we achieved an accuracy of 95%.

The number of companies included in the boundary of the scope 1 & 2 calculation is increasing every year. Where possible, we try to calculate the emissions of newly-added companies also to previous years to show a realistic trend.

In 2023, we calculated for the first time an important part of our scope 3 emissions: the purchased goods.

No carbon credits have been purchased. We are currently focusing completely on reducing our footprint without using a carbon removal or storage approach.

What are scope 1 emissions?

Scope 1 CO₂ emissions are direct greenhouse gas emissions that come from sources owned or controlled by a company, such as from our own vehicles, construction equipment or heating and cooling.

What are scope 2 emissions?

Scope 2 emissions are indirect greenhouse gas emissions that come from the generation of purchased electricity, steam, or heat consumed by a particular company or organisation. These emissions are generated by another entity, such as a utility company, but are a result of the energy consumed by the reporting company.

What are scope 3 emissions?

Scope 3 carbon emissions are indirect emissions that occur outside a company’s direct control, including activities like purchased goods, transportation, business travel, employee commuting, and product use by customers. They are challenging to measure and reduce, requiring collaboration with suppliers and other stakeholders.

CO₂ Performance Ladder

The CO₂ Performance Ladder is a sustainability tool and certification scheme that empowers companies to reduce CO₂ emissions by implementing practical measures, fostering innovation and sharing knowledge. It is actively used as a criterion for awarding public contracts in the construction industry.

The idea behind the tool is to encourage the entire sector to establish a continuous management system for reducing CO₂ emissions, rather than working solely on project-based measures. As a result, the ladder delivers energy and cost savings for the company.

In 2021, the companies located at our site in Temse got certified at level 3 and we have been reporting on our CO₂ emissions and the progress since then. In 2023, Cordeel Nederland and Cordeel zetel Hoeselt were added to the organisational boundary.

We aspire to achieve level 5, the highest level, during our upcoming re-certification in the summer of 2024.

SDG - 13: Climate action

Energy performance in 2023*

*Companies that we’re reporting on: all companies in Belgium, the Netherlands; Hungary and Bulgaria, except of Technocon, C-EVH, Follaets Painting & NLT Pivaco

Renewable or not renewable? Type Sum of kWh
Non-renewable Purchased electricity 8,313,885.25
Total not renewable energy 8,313,885.25
Renewable Purchased electricity 2,497,700.55
Self-generated electricity 1,781,785.00
Total renewable energy 4,279,485.55
Total electricity consumption 12,593,370.8

Energy intensity

*Companies that we’re reporting on: all companies in Belgium, the Netherlands and Bulgaria, except of Technocon, C-EVH, Follaets Painting & NLT Pivaco

Consumption of electricity in MWh Turnover in mio € MWh per mio € turnover
12,593.37 866.73 14.53

Total GHG emissions 2023

*Companies that we’re reporting on: all companies in Belgium, the Netherlands, Hungary and Bulgaria, except of Technocon, C-EVH, Off Site Belgium, ForGrowth, Flywel & NLT Pivaco

Scope GHG emissions in tCO2 % of grand total Revenue in mio € of companies in boundary Carbon intensity
1 9,502.5 3.9% 876.13 10.85
2 (market-based) 1,725.1 0.7% 876.13 2.00
3 231,043.9 95.4% 770.43 299.89
Grand total 242,298.6

GHG emissions per scope

GHG emissions per scope
  •  Scope 1
  •  Scope 2
  •  Scope 3

GHG emissions by energy type

scope 1 & 2

Category Scope GHG emissions in tCO2 % of total
Mobile combustion 1 8,930 79.3%
Purchased & self-generated electricity (market-based) 2 1,494 13.3%
Stationary combustion (heating) 1 544 4.8%
Purchased heat 2 86 0.8%
Fugitive emissions from aircleaks 1 27 0.2%
Process emissions 1 1 0.0%

GHG emissions by division

scope 1 & 2

Division GHG emissions in tCO2 % of total
C-construct 6,091 54.1%
C-production 1,065 9.5%
C-tech 2,998 26.6%
C-energy 42 0.4%
C-living (Vita groep) 687 6.1%
C-innovation 332 3.0%

GHG emission reduction over the years

Our efforts in reducing our carbon emissions in scope 1 & 2 over the years is shown here.

In 2023 we achieved an absolute reduction of -895.3 tons CO2 and an intensity-based reduction of -31.8%, compared with our base year 2021.

The number of companies included in the boundary of the scope 1 & 2 calculation is increasing every year. Where possible, we try to calculate the emissions of newly-added companies also to previous years to show a realistic trend.

Year Scope CO2-emissions in tons Absolute reduction to base year 2021 (in tons) Revenue in mio € of companies in boundary % of total revenue Intensity: CO2 emissions per mio € revenue Intensity reduction to base year 2021
2021 1 & 2 12,150 - 645.35 85.2% 18.83 -
1 10,131 - 15.7 -
2 2,019 - 3.13 -
2022 1 & 2 11,734 -416 823.01 87.6% 14.3 -24.3%
1 10,071 -60 12.2 -22.1%
2 1,663 -356 2.02 -35.4%
2023 1 & 2 11,254.7 -895.3 876.13 93.4% 12.85 -31.8%
1 9502.5 -628.5 10.85 -30.9%
2 1,752.1 -266.9 2.00 -36.1%
3 231,043.9 - 770.43 83% 299.89 -

GHG emission reduction targets

Reporting year Measure Status
2023 100% green electricity for all locations Starting from 01/2024 90% of Belgian locations
Roll-out mobile energy boxes on construction sites ongoing
Report on scope 1 & 2 of complete Cordeel group All companies in BE, NL, HUN & BG. Except of Technocon, C-EVH, Off Site Belgium, ForGrowth, Flywel & NLT Pivaco --> 93.4% of revenue covered
Report on the three most material scope 3 emissions Purchased goods category of companies that are representing 83% of revenue
2024 Receive certification for CO2-prestatieladder level 5
EPD of most common precast concrete mix
2025 Report on scope 1-3 of complete Cordeel group
90% of passenger cars are electric
2026 100% of passenger cars are electric
2027 CO2-neutrality scope 1 & 2 with reduction of at least 75% (compared with base year 2021) 2023: - 31.8% intensity based, -895.3% absolute
2030 Precast elements: 50% reduction in CO₂-eq emissions compared to 1990 emissions in the Flemish Region (Vlaams Betonakkoord)

Scope 3

We analyzed the various categories of scope 3 emissions and concluded that purchased goods is the main driver of our emissions.

We used a spend analysis of companies that represent 83% of the Cordeel Group’s turnover and focused on the Top 80% suppliers, based on the accumulated spending.

In order to calculate the emissions, we used the spend-based-methodology: each supplier is based to a NACE code and category. The spending in Euros is linked to an emission factor from the providers ADEME or Exiobase.

We are aware that this method is not the most exact, but it represents a great starting point to dive deeper into our scope 3 emissions in the next months.

The companies this calculation is based on are: Cordeel zetel Temse, Cordeel zetel Hoeselt, Cordeel Nederland, Imtech, C-wood, C-metal, C-concrete.

Category GHG emission in tCO2 % of total scope 3
Purchased goods - Construction 81,833.3 35.4%
Purchased goods - Fabricated metal products 67,757.3 29.3%
Purchased goods - Machinery and equipment installation 45,339.7 19.6%
Purchased goods - other categories 36,085.6 15.6%
Business Travel 28 0.01%
Grand total 231,043.9

Emission-free construction sites

Fossil fuels consumed on our construction site account for 18.7% of  our total CO₂ emissions. When zooming into our C-construct division, fossil fuels even account for 30% of their CO2 emissions and are therefore an important driver of our scope 1 & 2 emissions.

To achieve our ambition of emission-free construction sites, we focus on their electrification. To achieve this, we apply the decarbonisation levers:

  • Grid connection
  • Measuring consumption
  • Mobile energy boxes
  • Electric construction equipment
  • Use of biofuels
  • Transport by water

Grid connection

Where available, we use a grid connection with as much power and as early as possible.

Measuring consumption of electricity

With our C-scan sensors, we monitor electricity consumption of the main consumers on construction sites.

The sensors offer a transparent view of the electricity needed for tower cranes, dewatering of construction pits, and on-site offices, depending on the time of the year and phase of the works.

This provides us with the insights we need to take the right reduction measures.

Mobile energy boxes on construction sites

Since construction sites tend to have a limited or even no grid connection, this missing capacity is supplemented by diesel-powered generators. These have a negative impact on several environmental aspects such as noise, dust, nitrogen, ineffective fuel use, and high CO₂ emissions resulting from the use of fuel.

We noticed that we often use diesel generators with a capacity higher than required. The main reason is that tower cranes have power peaks for a very short period of time for which the capacity is dimensioned.

Our thorough measuring helped resize our mobile battery containers that we started to roll-out in 2023. C-battery is engineering and assembling these battery containers, based on lithium-ion technology and available in two versions, both built in 10ft containers: 100 kWh & 215 kWh.

Eventually, these mobile batteries will make generators obsolete and have a major positive impact on the environment: less noise, less smell, less CO₂ and nitrogen emission

Electric construction equipment

Apart from using mobile energy boxes to replace generators, we also invest in electric machinery.

C-rental purchased five Volvo L25 Electric Wheel Loaders, which have the same power as a diesel-powered wheel loader but produce no emissions.

Furthermore, C-rental has integrated 100 electric scissor lifts and telescopic boom lifts into its fleet.

Use of biofuels

HVO100 is a synthetic biofuel under the EN15940 standard, consisting 100% of waste vegetable oils treated with hydrogen (HVO = ‘Hydrated Vegetable Oil’). It emits 89% less CO₂ over the entire life cycle (‘well-to-wheel’) compared to regular diesel.

Cordeel Nederland uses HVO 100 for every construction site.

We consider HVO 100 to be a transition fuel towards full electrification of construction sites.

Transport by water

The strategic location of Cordeel Group headquarters alongside the Scheldt river provides us with the opportunity to use the river for our transportation requirements. This is not only efficient but also lowers our scope 3 emissions and helps us  avoid the congestion of Belgian and Dutch highways.

We also rely on water transportation to deliver raw materials for our concrete plant and the soil required to construct our energy hill in Temse.

Most of the prefab elements used to build the Amazon warehouse on the Blue Gate site in Antwerp were transported via water and picked up at our dry dock.

In Rotterdam, we’re currently building “De Boompjes” which is located right on the Maas river with the iconic Erasmus bridge in plain sight. By using water transportation, we were able to reduce 350 instances of traffic along congested roads in Rotterdam.

This approach is the ideal solution for inner-city buildings on the water. Not only did we significantly reduce truck traffic for residents and passers-by, but it also allows for the efficient use of the vessel to expand the limited construction site.